First of all we clarify the relationship between electricity production, demographic dynamics and economic growth of the countries. Through this analysis the potential of renewable energies of the various countries can be established as a function of their economic situation and not merely their natural resources, for financing capacity is a serious constraint to developing these electricity production techniques. Secondly, we report on the share of renewable energies in electricity production across the world since 2002.
At this level, we describe the situation of each sector for each major region to gain a better picture of the potentials and the countries studied.
Situation by region and country
We have used the same presentation format to detail the situation in each region and its main countries: electricity production pattern in 2012; trends analysis over the 2002-2012 period; graphic presentation of the results. This structured approach has been used to compare regions and countries. Note that the figures presented for the regions cover all the countries in that region, not only those that have been individually examined in this inventory.